The Crisis in
††††† The message to Save Darfur is everywhere, online, on television, in
and newspapers. People from the President of the
famous figures, speak out and call for action. Many people do not even
exactly what is going on in
to know the whole picture.††
region is located in the western area of
Africa, and was colonized by
involved in the longest civil war in the world. For 38 years a complicated crisis has been dividing the Arab-Muslims in the north and the African-Christians to the
There are close to 600 ethnic groups and over 100 languages spoken in the
South. The extreme diversity in the Darfur region make
ethnic group in
The rest of the population is made up of nomadic or semi-nomadic herders. The
Fur live in the central part of the
other region in
Over the years
pasture scarcity. This has forced the labor forces to migrate in search of employment. These migrations have helped to diminish the coping capacities of the many
to Fur guerrilla attacks on central government facilities and
Khartoumsí lack of help. By the beginning of the 1990's
††††††††††††††††††††††† The Crisis Now
††††††††††† In early 2003, the perception that the government encouraged and even armed militia enemies of the Fur inspired an increase in attacks on central
and facilities in
The SLA is led by Mini Arkoi Minawi and says it would like to "create a united,
by a Sudanese
opposition leader named, Hassan al-Turabi. Turabi is the former speaker of
In early 2003 the SLA continued to mount attacks in
to some reports, they began to attack local villages in an effort to destroy
The GOS disputed these
The SLA soon began fighting with an Arab militia called the
Janjawid as well as government troops in the
local farmers off their land in order to have access to resources. Many critics have accused the Sudanese government of manipulating the traditional ethnic tensions
in favor of Arabs, in order to maintain a support base there. The Sudanese government denies backing the Janjawid and says it wants to bring them under control.
fighting between the two rebel groups and the Sudanese government has continued
off and on since 2003.
have left their decimated villages. Around 2 million people are in refugee
insufficient amounts of food, water, and medicine. The Janjaweed
patrol outside of these camps
, and Darfuris
say the men are killed and the
women are raped if
they go too far in search of food and water. The refugees are also threatened
by the diplomatic deterioration between
accuse each other
of supporting one anotherís rebel groups.
However, with so many people in such perilous conditions in the refugee camps,
this number is thought to be much higher.
is Being Done?
leader of the SLA, Minni Minawi,
signed a peace deal in 2006 after talks in
accused of abuses against people in areas opposed to the peace deal. The first round of scheduled peace talks between the rebel groups and the Sudanese
government was delayed in October because the talks were boycotted by key rebel leaders. Negotiators are hoping to make some progress with the groups before
member U.N. peacekeeping force deploys to
The U.S. Government is the largest international donor to
since 2004. There
are also many non-profit organizations that work to bring awareness of the
chapter of STAND.
Ashley Showalter was concerned with what she saw in the news about the situation
going on. I wanted
to be a part of the movement to stop it." STAND (Students Taking Action
Now: Darfur), helps to spread awareness about
a change. There are
over 600 high school and college chapters across the nation.
USF members push for legislation related to the conflict and work with local refugee agencies. They also distribute information on campus. STAND has
awareness with U.S. Senator Mel Martinez. In late September it had a conference
call with the Senator to ask him to help push the
Accountability and Divestment Act. The act requires a list of all companies whose business
directly or indirectly supports genocide in
contracts with such companies, and requires the Government Accountability Office to investigate all investments. The bill passed in the House and is awaiting action
in the Senate.
Members meet once a week in the
also work with the
is working with the organization to help local refugees. Members will act as
tutors and mentors.
lies ahead. The
thousands of people have died while the rest of the world has offered solutions, but little action. Recently some very positive steps toward action have taken place.
read through various articles about the situation in
there is a peace to keep. It is said that fighting can only end through a deal agreed by on all sides. With so many different groups involved, this is a difficult prospect.
I realized that it is through organizations such as STAND that we can most effectively help work toward peace, by creating pressures to demand less talk and more
mobilization of ideas here at home.
4.) Cheadle, Don. Prendergast,
John. Not On Our Watch: The
Your voice can help end this genocide. Using a webcam, camcorder, digital camera, or cell phone, you can easily record a personal appeal and upload it to our website. All videos will be displayed on our site and sent directly to your political representatives
Human Rights Watch is dedicated to protecting the human rights of people around the world. We stand with victims and activists to prevent discrimination, to uphold political freedom, to protect people from inhumane conduct in wartime, and to bring offenders to justice. We investigate and expose human rights violations and hold abusers accountable. We challenge governments and those who hold power to end abusive practices and respect international human rights law. We enlist the public and the international community to support the cause of human rights for all.
Current UNICEF Chad activities to assist both Sudanese
refugees and local Chadian communities include: distribution of blankets;
measles vaccination and Vitamin A campaigns; delivery of school-in-a-box kits;
supply of Arabic school books from UNICEF Sudan to support education
activities; provision of basic school materials; distribution of family water
kits; delivery of mid-wife kits; supply of therapeutic milk; hygiene education;
monitoring of separated children; water and sanitation activities; and, the
supply of recreational materials for play.